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For Appian, instability was in thefabric of the Republic, with violent stasis an eventual, but ultimately inevitable,consequence because of dispersed power and conflicting views backed by accessto substantial military force cf. See also vanderLeest Marius and Sulla, Pompey and Caesar, and laterAntony and Octavian, first as they warred against the assassins, finally againstone another. Scardigli, — postscript — References to the prospectiveEgyptian History indicate that the Mithridatic Wars

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From poenix time of the Preface Appian had known hewould treat Sulla in the first portion of the Civil Wars. Nor do these dates, their imprecision aside, tell us anything about the order inwhich the books of the Roman History were composed.

View in Fullscreen Report. In addition, bad results are discreditable to Appian despite perhaps creditable means.

We are very fortunate to have the discrepantprospectuses and apologetic updates, and it is worth considering how phoenixx came to be in, and remain in, the text of the Roman History. It seems probablethat Appian only discovered that the nature of the post-Philippi material wassuch as to warrant breaking off the Civil Wars in 35 B.

I canthink of only three scenarios some combinations are also possible. Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography. Gabba attributes too much intended but unexpressedknowledge and precision to Appian in his interpretation of this phrase The ascription of momentous changes in history todivine action are probably conventional to some phornix as Swain Greek Sophists in the Roman Empire.


Two or three telling examples, iffound, would put the argument beyond question papian perform a great service tothe study of Appian. I omit the problematic Parthian History see below because I thinkit was never composed. Like him, Appian uses his Greek name though he had the right to thetria nomina; the synkrisis of Lhoenix and Caesar pairs the same figures thatPlutarch had in his Lives with their lost synkrisis; and Appian makes it a pointto emphasize his local success in Alexandria as Plutarch had mentioned hiseponymous magistracy in Chaeronea, Quaest.

Is it still negative?

The Origins, Program, and Composition of Appian’s Roman …

This is a good explanation simultaneous preparationin the case of adjoining books with closely related themes is not surprising ap;ian, and hissuggestion 60 of some simultaneous preparation for the Mithridatic Wars and BC 1 alsosounds reasonable see the next note. All ancient dates are C.

My own opinion is thatwhen Appian wrote the preface he was still debating the proper place for thebattle of Actium in his mind, and appia ambiguity of his language reflectshis indecision.

Furthermore, since Appian did not removethe traces of these ongoing reconfigurations from his work, we see obviousdiscrepancies between the prospectuses put forward in the prefaces and thestructure of the work as it now stands.

Now desiring to reserve res Aegyptiae forthe Egyptian History, he is apologetic about the chronological necessity ofincluding some Egyptian material in BC 5 and allowing material that belongsthematically in the Egyptian History to overflow into the BC: Appiani Historia Romana I rev.

None of these scenarios isincongruent with the theory of serial composition.


The Origins, Program, and Composition of Appian’s Roman Pages 1 – 48 – Text Version | FlipHTML5

Bucherdevelopments in order principally to instruct or divert the reader. In the preface to the Civil Wars 1. Rome and the Romans as the Greeks Saw Them. You can publish your book online for free in a few minutes! In taking the Gaius Caesar at Pr.

One might suppose that the time covered was from 30 B.

Some attempt atsynthesis can be found in Hose and Carter. At any rate, by the time of the composition of the preface to the Civil Wars,Appian has sketched out the contents of the first two books in a prospectiveform, which does generally correspond to that of those books as we have them.

phoejix Anotherpiece of evidence points to BC 5 being conceptually different from BC 3—4. For Appian, instability was in thefabric of the Republic, with violent stasis an eventual, but ultimately inevitable,consequence because of dispersed power and conflicting views backed by accessto substantial military force cf. In fact, simultaneous preparation, already suggested forthe Spanish History and Hannibalic War, and the Hpoenix Wars and BC 1,might have taken place elsewhere.

Aftermentioning the war between Antony and Octavian, the rudimentary prospectusof the Civil Wars concludes: I amin agreement with Mellor and Syme Scardigli, — postscript —